Cumberland, Richard

Traité philosophique des loix naturelles, ou l'on recherche et l'on établit, par la nature des choses, la forme de ces loix, leurs principaux chefs, leur ordre, leur publication & leur obligation: on y refute aussi les Elémens de la Morale & de la Politiq

Traduit du latin par Monsieur Barbeyrac, avec des Notes du Traducteur, qui y a joint celles de la Traduction Angloise. Amsterdam, Chez Pierre Mortier 1744 xxviii, [ii], 425 (misnumbered 435), [9] pp. With frontispiece. Size 25×20 cm Owners name in ink on front endpaper. Small damage at the top and bottom of the spine and some rubbing around the edges of the binding (see photographs). Interior in very nice and fresh condition.
First French edition of this attack on the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. Richard Cumberland (1631-1718) was a friend of Samuel Pepys and Orlando Bridgeman. 'Cumberland attempts to construct a theory of natural law not in the manner of Grotius by deduction, but by proceeding by first principles from cause to effect unlike Hobbes he supposes that society is a consequence of man's nature rather than a necessary restraint he insists on the dualistic nature of man and on the irreducibility of the understanding and will, neither of which can be mechanically determined as Hobbes would argue' (Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century British Philosophers, Thoemmes Press, 2000).

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€ 225,00

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